Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere

共同研究

2016(平成28) 年度 生存圏科学 ミッション研究 7

研究課題

The role of trees in accumulation of particulate matter including 137Cs in Fukushima.
福島県におけるCs-137含有ナノ粒子の森林への蓄積

研究組織

 代表者 Stanislaw Gawronski (Warsaw University of Life Sciences)
 共同研究者 上田義勝(京都大学生存圏研究所)
杉山暁史(京都大学生存圏研究所)
二瓶直登(東京大学大学院農学生命科学研究科)
徳田陽明(滋賀大学教育学部)
関連ミッション
  • ミッション1 環境診断・循環機能制御
  • ミッション4 循環材料・環境共生システム
  • ミッション5 高品位生存圏

研究概要

Air pollution remains a major issue in many countries of the world and poses a serious threat for humanosphere. The most relevant air pollutants in urban environment are particulate matter (PM), absorbing on their surface heavy metals, organic pollutants (as for example polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons- PAH), and gaseous compounds as: ozone, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide. Plants, as sessile organisms, developed unique defense mechanisms allowing them to survive in very polluted sites and tolerate high accumulation of toxic compounds in their tissues. The knowledge gained in recent years, about these plants’ capabilities allow them to develop of environmental biotechnology called: phytoremediation in which plants are “hired” to work for pollutants absorbing/adsorbing, and degradation or deactivation of organic compounds. These capabilities allow plants, together with associating microbiomes, play an important role in biofiltering of ambient air by absorbing gaseous pollutants and adsorbing PM onto leaf surfaces (Figure 1.). What is worth note plants they are able to clean up the air from many pollutants simultaneously. In the phytoremediation this process is called phytoextraction.

On the other hand, after the five years of big earthquake in eastern Japan, we still have many problems of nuclear power plant accident. Especially we have to survey the radionuclide movement in the forest sphere at Fukushima prefecture.

Stanislaw Gawronski: 2016(平成28)年度生存圏ミッション研究 図
Figure 1. Particulate matter content on leaves of linden tree as affected by distance of PM emission Tazienki Park.

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2016年8月4日作成

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