The interannual variation in the temperature anomalies is known to be due to El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), quasi biennial oscillation (QBO), volcanic eruption etc. However, the difference in the interannual variation between different longitude sectors is not understood. In the present study, the longitudinal dependence of the interannual variation of the temperature in the tropical troposphere, tropopause region and lower stratosphere is carried out using GPS RO data for the period 2001–2011 and using ERA Interim data for the period 1980–2011. The interannual variations of the deseasonalized temperature anomalies show clear longitudinal difference between tropical east Pacific (180 W–90 W) and rest of the tropics. This longitudinal difference is observed in troposphere and tropopause region. The longitudinal difference is more pronounced in the mid troposphere between altitude 5–12 km (500–200 hPa) when compared to lower troposphere. The longitudinal difference minimizes to nearly zero at altitude 14–15 km (~150 hPa) and again appears at the tropopause region (~100–70 hPa). The longitudinal difference at the tropopause region is, however, more or less opposite in phase as observed in the troposphere. There is no longitudinal difference in the temperature anomalies appear above tropopause region. The anomalies of the tropopause altitude and pressure do not show longitudinal difference as observed in its temperature. The sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies also show consistent difference between east Pacific and rest of the longitudes as observed in the troposphere. This study reports that the interannual variation in the zonal mean temperature is largely contributed by the eastern Pacific oscillation.
A study on the variation of the tropical tropopause by using high precision satellite data
|Sanjay Kumar MEHTA