Mission 2: Advanced Development of Science and Technology towards a Solar Energy Society
Mission 2 aims to develop technology for advanced solar energy conversion by means of microwave technology, biotechnology, and chemical reactions. We study the direct conversion of solar energy into electric and electromagnetic wave energies, as well as the indirect conversion of solar energy into highly functional materials via wood biomass, a carbon fixation product of photosynthesis. Mission 2 intensively focuses on the conversion of solar energy to highly functional materials, which includes an understanding not only of basic humanosphere science but also of how total systems are implemented in the humanosphere.
2021 Activity Report for Mission 2
Studies on the Biochemical and Chemical Conversion of Biomass for Advanced Utilization
To convert biomass, into useful materials, functional polymers, chemicals and biofuels, we study the fine structures of biomass, the functions and applications of lignin-degrading microorganisms, microwave reactions for biomass conversion systems and the development of biomass-converting enzymes and artificial catalysts.
Wireless Power Transfer Technologies for Solar Power Satellites/Stations for a Sustainable Humanosphere
Our research is wireless power transfer (WPT) technologies both for Solar Power Satellites/Stations and for wireless chargers of mobile phones and battery-less sensors, etc. The WPT is a bridge technology between human habitats in outer space and on human living environment
Elucidation of Biomass Formation/Conversion for Break-through Technologies
Biomass is a valuable material, as it exhibits a well-balanced life cycle on Earth. We conduct research that aims to develop sustainable materials and technologies derived and inspired from biomass by precisely understanding the biological mechanisms of biomass formation/degradation.
Analytical Electron Microscopy for Development of Biomass-Based Functional Carbon Materials
Biomass-based functional carbon materials are developed by catalytic carbonization with metal ions or heteroatoms. Analytical electron microscopy is a powerful tool to analyze these structures and chemical reactions, the results of which lead to potential biomass-based materials applications.