Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere

274th Regular Open Seminar
Study on Allelopathy and Utilization for Agriculture and Forestry

Date 2021-10-27 12:30–13:20
Post 2021-10-20 15:29:04

Presenter: Yoshiharu Fujii (Emeritus Professor, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology)
Title: Study on Allelopathy and Utilization for Agriculture and Forestry
Place: Online
Associated Mission: Mission 1 (Environmental Diagnosis and Regulation of Circulatory Function), Mission 4 (Development and Utilization of Wood-based Sustainable Materials in Harmony with the Human Living Environment), and Mission 5 (Quality of the Future Humanosphere)

If you would like to participate, please e-mail me your name, affiliation and e-mail address by 10 am on the day.
(Open Seminar Office: rish-center_events@rish.kyoto-u.ac.jp)

Abstract

Allelopathy is an interaction between plant and plant, microorganism, insects and animals. We have screened about 5,000 plants by specific bioassays, developed total activity method for elucidation of allelochemical and reported about 30 allelochemicals. We found inhibitor for gravitropism as potential inhibitor for climbing weed, such as Kudzu.

We found hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) as practical crop for agriculture. Recent CREST project, Dr. Akifumi Sugiyama (RISH, Kyoto Univ.) as a research director under the title of “Elucidation of rhizosphere chemical world for the regulation of crop robustness”, we found hairy vetch play an important role in the robustness of rhizosphere by producing specific allelochemicals.

Seminar-0274_Fujii

References

Frontiers in Microbiology 12, 701796 (2021) https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.701796
Phytochemistry 172, 112287 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2020.112287
Frontiers in Genetics 11, 114 (2020) https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.00114

PDF file (200 540 bytes) | Top
20 October, 2021

Go back to one page