Toshitaka Tsuda: Journal Publications

1. Aso, T., T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Meteor radar observations at Kyoto University, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 41, 517-525, 1979.

2. Tsuda, T., T. Aso, Y. Takashima, R. Ito, and S. Kato, Meteor radar observations at Kyoto in two C.T.O.P. periods (July 20-August 7, 1978, and March 13-29, 1979), J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 42. 461-469, 1980.

3. Tsuda, T., and S. Kato, Seasonal variation of diurnal tide due to ozone heating, J. Met. Soc. Japan, 58, 292-297, 1980.

4. Tsuda, Y. Takashima, R. Ito, and S. Kato, Observations of lower ionospheric wind by the Kyoto meteor radar, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 177-184, 1980.

5. Kato, S., and T. Tsuda, Tidal dynamo in the upper atmosphere, Validity and limit of the conventional theory, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 33, 383-397, 1981.

6. Tsuda, T., J. Tanii, T. Aso, and S. Kato, Lunar tides at meteor heights, Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 191-194, 1981.

7. Fukao, S., K. Aoki, K. Wakasugi, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, and A. D. Fleisch, Some further results on the lower stratospheric winds and waves over Jicamarca, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 43, 649-661, 1981.

8. Kato, S., T. Tsuda, and F. Watanabe, Thermal excitation of non-migrating tides, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys, 44, 131-146, 1982.

9. Tsuda, T., T. Aso, and S. Kato, Seasonal variation of solar atmospheric tides at meteor heights, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 35, 65-86, 1983.

10. Hirota, I., Y. Maekawa, S. Fukao, K. Fukuyama, M. P. Sulzer, J. L. Fellous, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Fifteen-day observation of mesospheric and lower thermospheric motions with the aid of the Arecibo UHF radar, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 6835-6842, 1983.

11. Ito, R., T. Tsuda, T. Aso, and S. Kato, Long period oscillations in the meteor winds observed over Kyoto during 1978-1983, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 36, 173-188, 1984.

12. Kato, S., T. Ogawa, T. Tsuda, T. Sato, I. Kimura, and S. Fukao, The middle and upper atmosphere radar: First results using a partial system, Radio Sci., 19, 1475-1484, 1984.

13. Fukao, S., K. Wakasugi, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, I. Kimura, N. Takeuchi, M. Matsuo, and S. Kato, Simultaneous observation of precipitating atmosphere by VHF and C/Ku radars, Radio Sci., 20, 622-630, 1985.

14. Fukao, S., K. Wakasugi, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, I. Hirota, I. Kimura, and S. Kato, Direct measurement of air and precipitation particle motion by VHF Doppler radar, Nature, 316, 712-714, 1985.

15. Fukao, S., T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, K. Wakasugi, and T. Makihira, The MU radar with an active phased array: 1. Antenna and power amplifiers, Radio Sci., 20, 1155-1168, 1985.

16. Fukao, S., T. Tsuda, T. Sato, S. Kato, K. Wakasugi, and T. Makihira, The MU radar with an active phased array: 2. In-house equipment, Radio Sci., 20, 1169-1176, 1985.

17. Tsuda, T., M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Comparison observations between the MU radar and the Kyoto meteor radar, Radio Sci., 20, 1241-1246, 1985.

18. Sato, T., T. Tsuda, S. Kato, S. Morimoto, S. Fukao, and I. Kimura, High resolution MST radar observations of turbulence using the MU radar, Radio Sci., 20, 1452-1460, 1985.

19> Tsuda, T., K. Hirose, S. Kato, and M. P. Sulzer, Some findings on correlation between the stratospheric echo power and the wind shear observed by the Arecibo UHF radar, Radio Sci., 20, 1503-1508, 1985.

20. Ito, R., S. Kato, and T. Tsuda, Consideration of an ionospheric wind dynamo driven by a planetary wave with a two-day period, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 1-13, 1986.

21. Yamamoto, M., T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Gravity waves observed by the Kyoto meteor radar in 1983-1985, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 597-603, 1986.

22. Matuura, N., Y. Masuda, H. Inuki, S. Kato, S. Fukao, T. Sato, and T. Tsuda, Radio acoustic measurement of temperature profile in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, Nature, 323, 426-428, 1986.

23. Kato, S., T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, and S. Fukao, First results obtained with a middle and upper atmosphere (MU) radar, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 1259-1268, 1986.

24. Fukao, S., T. Sato, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, and S. Kato, High-resolution turbulence observations in the middle and lower atmosphere by the MU radar with fast beam steerability: Preliminary results, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 1269-1278, 1986.

25. Tsuda, T., T. Sato, K. Hirose, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, MU radar observations of aspect sensitivity of backscattered VHF echo power in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, Radio Sci., 21, 971-980, 1986.

26. Tsuda, T., T. Nakamura, and S. Kato, Mean winds observed by the Kyoto meteor radar in 1983-1985, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 49, 461-466, 1987.

27. Muraoka, Y., K. Kawahira, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Characteristics of inertial gravity waves in the mesosphere observed by the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 1154-1157, 1987.

28. Yamamoto, M., T. Tsuda, S. Kato, T. Sato, and S. Fukao, A saturated inertia gravity wave in the mesosphere observed by the middle and upper atmosphere radar, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 11993-11999, 1987.

29. Yamamoto, M., T. Tsuda, S. Kato, T. Sato, and S. Fukao, Interpretation of the structure of mesospheric turbulence layers in terms of inertia gravity waves, Physica Scripta, 37, 645-650, 1988.

30. Fukao, S., T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, M. Inaba, and I. Kimura, VHF Doppler radar determination of the momentum flux in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere: Comparison between the three- and four-beam methods, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 5, 57-69, 1988.

31. Fukao, S., M. D. Yamanaka, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Three dimensional air motions over the Baiu front observed by a VHF-band Doppler radar: A case study, Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 281-292, 1988.

32. Vincent, R. A., T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A comparative study of mesospheric solar tides observed at Adelaide and Kyoto, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 699-708, 1988.

33. Fukao, S., T. Sato, P. T. May, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, M. Inaba, and I. Kimura, A systematic error in MST/ST radar wind measurement induced by a finite range volume effect, 1. Observational results, Radio Sci., 23, 59-73, 1988.

34. Fukao, S., M. Inaba, I. Kimura, P. T. May, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A systematic error in MST/ST radar wind measurement induced by a finite range volume effect, 2. Numerical considerations, Radio Sci., 23, 74-82, 1988.

35. May, P. T., S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, T. Sato, and S. Kato, The effect of thin scattering layers on the determination of wind by Doppler radars, Radio Sci., 23, 83-94, 1988.

36. Tsuda, T., S. Kato, and R. A. Vincent, Long period wind oscillations observed by the Kyoto meteor radar and comparison of the quasi-2 day wave with Adelaide HF radar observations, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 225-230, 1988.

37. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, I. Kimura, A. Ito, T. Saryo, and T. Araki, Ionospheric incoherent scatter measurements with the MU radar: Observations of F-region electrodynamics, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 40, 963-985, 1988.

38. May, P. T., S. Kato, S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, and T. Sato, Estimation of the wind component normal to a radar beam, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 40, 1047-1052, 1988.

39. Tsuda, T., S. Kato, A. H. Manson, and C. E. Meek, Characteristics of semidiurnal tides observed by the Kyoto meteor radar and Saskatoon medium-frequency radar, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 7027-7036, 1988.

40. Tsuda, T., P. T. May, T. Sato, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Simultaneous observations of reflection echoes and refractive index gradient in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, Radio Sci., 23, 655-665, 1988.

41. Takahashi, K., Y. Masuda, N. Matuura, S. Kato, S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, and T. Sato, Analysis of acoustic wave fronts in the atmosphere to profile the temperature and wind with a radio acoustic sounding system, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 84, 1061-1066, 1988.

42. Fukao, S., J. P. McClure, A. Ito, T. Sato, I. Kimura, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, First VHF radar observation of mid-latitude F-region field-aligned irregularities, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 768-771, 1988.

43. Fritts, D. C., T. Tsuda, T. Sato, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Observational evidence of a saturated gravity wave spectrum in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1741-1759, 1988.

44. Muraoka, Y., T. Sugiyama, K. Kawahira, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Cause of monochromatic inertia-gravity wave breaking observed by the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 1349-1352, 1988.

45. Muraoka, Y., T. Sugiyama, K. Kawahira, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Formation of mesospheric VHF echoing layers due to a gravity wave motion, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 819-829, 1988.

46. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Ionospheric incoherent scatter measurements with the middle and upper atmosphere radar: Observations during the large magnetic storm of February 6-8, 1986, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 14649-14655, 1988.

47. Yamamoto, M., T. Sato, P. T. May, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Estimation error of spectral parameters of MST radars obtained by least squares fitting method and its lower bound, Radio Sci., 23, 1013-1021, 1988.

48. Fukao, S., M. D. Yamanaka, H. Matsumoto, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Wind fluctuations near a cold vortex-tropopause funnel system observed by the MU radar, Pure and Appl. Geophys., 130, 463-479, 1989.

49. Yamanaka, M. D., S. Fukao, H. Matsumoto, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Internal gravity wave selection in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere observed by the MU radar: Preliminary results, Pure and Appl. Geophys., 130, 481-495, 1989.

50. Tsuda, T., Y. Masuda, H. Inuki, K. Takahashi, T. Takami, T. Sato, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, High time resolution monitoring of tropospheric temperature with a radio acoustic sounding system (RASS), Pure and Appl. Geophys., 130, 497-507, 1989.

51. Yamamoto, M., T. Tsuda, T. Sato, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Full-correlation analysis of turbulent scattering layers in the mesosphere observed by the MU radar, Pure and Appl., Geophys., 130, 605-616, 1989.

52. Sato., T., A. Ito, W. L. Oliver, S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, and I. Kimura, Ionospheric incoherent scatter measurements with the MU radar: Techniques and capability, Radio Sci., 24, 85-98, 1989.

53. Tsuda, T., and S. Kato, Diurnal non-migrating tides excited by a differential heating due to land-sea distribution, J. Meteorol. Soc., Japan, 67, 43-55, 1989.

54. Saryo, T., M. Takeda, T. Araki, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, A midday bite-out event of the F2-layer observed by MU radar, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 41, 727-734, 1989.

55. Tsuda, T., T. Inoue, D. C. Fritts, T. E. VanZandt, S. Kato, T. Sato, and S. Fukao, MST radar observations of a saturated gravity wave spectrum, J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2440-2447, 1989.

56. Vincent, R. A., T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Asymmetries in mesospheric tidal structure, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 51, 609-616, 1989.

57. Muraoka, Y., T. Sugiyama, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Interpretation of layered structure in mesospheric VHF echoes induced by an inertia gravity wave, Radio Sci., 24, 393-406, 1989.

58. Saryo, T., M. Takeda, T. Araki, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Ion drift measured by the MU radar at Shigaraki and its comparison with geomagnetic field variation, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 41, 597-611, 1989.

59. May, P. T., T. Sato, M. Yamamoto, S. Kato, T. Tsuda, and S. Fukao, Errors in the determination of wind speed by Doppler radar, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 6, 235-242, 1989.

60. VanZandt, T. E., S. A. Smith, T. Tsuda, D. C. Fritts, T. Sato, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Studies of velocity fluctuations in the lower atmosphere using the MU radar. Part I: Azimuthal anisotropy, J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 39-50, 1990.

61. Fritts, D. C., T. Tsuda, T. E. VanZandt, S. A. Smith, T. Sato, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Studies of velocity fluctuations in the lower atmosphere using the MU radar. Part II: Momentum flux and energy densities, J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 51-66, 1990.

62. Tsuda, T., Y. Murayama, M. Yamamoto, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Seasonal variation of momentum flux in the mesosphere observed with the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 725-728, 1990.

63. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, T. Takami, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, M. D. Yamanaka, T. Nakamura, and S. Kato, Thermospheric meridional winds measured by the MU radar, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7683-7692, 1990.

64. Fukao, S., T. Sato, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, M. D. Yamanaka and S. Kato, MU radar: New capabilities and system calibrations, Radio Sci., 25, 477-485, 1990.

65. Hocking, W. K., S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, and S. Kato, Aspect sensitivity of stratospheric VHF radio wave scatterers, particularly above 15 km altitude, Radio Sci., 25, 613-627, 1990.

66. Van Baelen, J. S., T. Tsuda, A. D. Richmond, S. K. Avery, and S. Kato, M. Yamamoto, and S. Fukao, Comparison of VHF Doppler beam swinging and spaced antenna observations with the MU radar: First results, Radio Sci., 25, 629-640, 1990.

67. Sato, T., H. Doji, H. Iwai, I. Kimura, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Computer processing for deriving drop-size distribution and vertical air velocities from VHF Doppler radar spectra, Radio Sci, 25, 961-974, 1990.

68. Masuda, Y., J. Awaka, K. Okamoto, T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Echo power loss with RASS (radio acoustic sounding system) due to defocusing effects by distorted acoustic wave front, Radio Sci., 25, 975-982, 1990.

69. Tsuda, T., S. Kato, T. Yokoi, T. Inoue, M. Yamamoto, T. E. VanZandt, S. Fukao, and T. Sato, Gravity waves in the mesosphere observed with the middle and upper atmosphere radar, Radio Sci., 25, 1005-1018, 1990.

70. Yang, Peicai, Da-ren Lu, Wei Li, Beiying Wu, Shoichiro Fukao, Mamoru Yamamoto, Toshitaka Tsuda, and Susumu Kato, Chaotic features of the atmospheric motions near the tropopause revealed by MU radar observation: Case study, Radio Sci., 25, 1065-1070, 1990.

71. Muraoka,Y., S. Fukao, T. Sugiyama, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Frequency spectra of mesospheric wind fluctuations observed with the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1897-1900, 1990.

72. Palmer, R. D., R. F. Woodman, S. Fukao, M. F. Larsen, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Frequency domain interferometry observations of tropo/stratospheric scattering layers using the MU radar: Description and first results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 2189-2192, 1990.

73. Palmer, R. D., R. F. Woodman, S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Three-antenna poststatistic steering using the MU radar, Radio Sci., 25, 1105-1110, 1990.

74. Reddy, C. A., S. Fukao, T. Takami, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and S. Kato, A MU radar-based study of mid-latitude F region response to a geomagnetic disturbance, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 21077-21094, 1990.

75. Manson, A. H., C. E. Meek, M. Massebeuf, J. L. Fellous, W. G. Elford, R. A. Vincent, R. L. Craig, A. Phillips, R. G. Roper, G. J. Fraser, M. J. Smith, S. Avery, B. B. Balsley, R. R. Clark, S. Kato, and T. Tsuda, COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere: 1986, Part II: Middle Atmosphere Models, (Eds. D. Rees, J. J. Barnett, K. Labitzke eds.), Chap. 14, Description and presentation of reference atmosphere radar winds (80-110 km), Adv. Space Res., 10, Pergamon Press, 267-315, 1990.

76. Sato, T., N. Ao, M. Yamamoto, S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A typhoon observed with the MU radar, Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 755-768, 1991.

77. Fukao, S., M.C. Kelley, T. Shirakawa, T. Takami, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Turbulent upwelling of the mid-latitude ionosphere \ 1. Observational results by the MU radar, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 3725-3746, 1991.

78. Palmer, R. D., M. F. Larsen, R. F. Woodman, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, VHF radar interferometry measurements of vertical velocity and the effect of tilted refractivity surfaces on standard Doppler measurements, Radio Sci., 26, 417-427, 1991.

79. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, M. Tsutsumi, K. Kita, T. Uehara, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Meteor wind observations with the MU radar, Radio Sci., 26, 857-869, 1991

80. Fukao, S., M. L. Larsen, M. D. Yamanaka, H. Furukawa, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Observations of a reversal in long-term average vertical velocities near the jet stream wind maximum, Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 1479-1489, 1991.

81. Yamamoto, M., S. Fukao, R. F. Woodman, T. Ogawa, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Mid-latitude E-region field-aligned irregularities observed with the MU radar, J, Geophys. Res., 96, 15943-15949, 1991.

82. Van Baelen, J. S., A. D. Richmond, T. Tsuda, S. K. Avery, S. Kato, S. Fukao, and M. Yamamoto, Radar interferometry technique and anisotropy of the echo power distribution: First results, Radio Sci., 26, 1315-1326, 1991.

83. Tsuda, T., T. E. VanZandt, M. Mizumoto, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Spectral analysis of temperature and Brunt-Vaisala frequency fluctuations observed by radiosondes, J, Geophys. Res., 96, 17265-17278, 1991.

84. May, P. T., M. Yamamoto, S. Fukao, T. Sato, S. Kato, and T. Tsuda, Wind and reflectivity fields around fronts observed with a VHF radar, Radio Sci., 26, 1245-1249, 1991.

85. Hocking, W. K., S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Viscosity waves and thermal-conduction waves as a cause of "specular" reflectors in radar studies of the atmosphere, Radio Sci., 26, 1281-1303, 1991.

86. Oliver, W. L., T. Takami, S. Fukao, T. Sato, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and S. Kato, Measurements of ionospheric and thermospheric temperatures and densities with the middle and upper atmosphere radar, J, Geophys. Res., 96, 17827-17838, 1991.

87. Fukao, S., W. L. Oliver, Y. Ohnishi, T. Takami, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, and S. Kato, F region seasonal behavior as measured by the MU radar, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 599-618, 1991.

88. Takami, T., S. Fukao, W. L. Oliver, S. Kato, T. Tsuda, T. Sato, M. D. Yamanaka, M. Yamamoto, and T. Nakamura, Multiple beam observations of mid-latitude ionospheric disturbances by the MU radar, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 773-779, 1991.

89. Larsen, M. F., S. Fukao, O. Aruga, M. D. Yamanaka, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A comparison of VHF radar vertical-velocity measurements by a direct vertical-beam method and by a VAD technique, J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 8, 766-776, 1991.

90. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, T. Takami, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Four-beam measurements of ionospheric structure with the MU radar during the low-latitude auroral event of 20-23 October 1989, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 1975-1978, 1991.

91. Masuda, Y., T. Tsuda, and T. Adachi, Atmospheric temperature profiling with a Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS), J. Remote Sensing, Japan, 12, 76-81, 1992. (in Japanese)

92. Tsuda, T., Remote sensing of atmospheric motions with the MU radar, a Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS), J. Remote Sensing, Japan, 12, 82-87, 1992. (in Japanese)

93. Larsen, M. F., R. D. Palmer, S. Fukao, R. F. Woodman, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, An analysis technique for deriving vector winds and refractivity layer tilt angles from radar interferometer, J. Atmos. Ocean Tech., 9, 3-14, 1992.

94. Murayama, Y., T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Sato, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Dominant vertical scales of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere observed with the MU radar and rocketsondes, J. Atmos. and Terr. Phys., 54, 339-346, 1992.

95. May, P. T., S. Fukao, P. J. Neiman, M. W. Kozleski, M. D. Yamanaka, S. Kato, M. Yamamoto, T. Sato, and T. Tsuda, MU radar observations of the wind field in the vicinity of the Baiu front during early July, 1987, Beitage zur Physik der Atmosphare, 65, 3-11, 1992.

96. Yamamoto, M., S. Fukao, T. Ogawa, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A morphological study on mid-latitude E-region field-aligned Irregularities observed with the MU radar, J. Atmos. and Terr. Phys., 54, 769-777, 1992.

97. Masuda, Y., J. Awaka, K. Nakamura, T. Adachi, and T. Tsuda, Analysis of the radio acoustic sounding system using a chirped acoustic wave, Radio Sci., 27, 681-691, 1992.

98. Palmer, R. D., S. Fukao, M. F. Larsen, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Oblique frequency domain interferometry measurements using the middle and upper atmosphere radar, Radio Sci., 27, 713-720, 1992.

99. Murayama, Y., K.-I. Oyama, T. Tsuda, H. Kanzawa, T. Nakamura, M. D. Yamanaka, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Rocketsonde observations of the middle atmosphere dynamics at Uchinoura (31 deg N, 131 deg E) during DYANA campaign. Part I: Outline of experiments and background conditions, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 44, 995-1007, 1992.

100. Tsuda, T., Y. Murayama, K.-I. Oyama, H. Kanzawa, T. Nakamura, M. D. Yamanaka, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Rocketsonde observations of the middle atmosphere dynamics at Uchinoura (31 deg N, 131 deg E) during DYANA campaign. Part II: Characteristics of gravity waves, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 44, 1009-1023, 1992.

101. Tsuda, T., Y. Murayama, H. Wiryosumarto, S. Kato, S.-W. B. Harijono, S. Fukao, M. Karmini, C. M. Mangan, S. Saraspriya, and A. Suripto, A preliminary report on radiosonde observations of the equatorial atmosphere dynamics over Indonesia, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 44, 1041-1055, 1992.

102. Watanabe, J., T. Nakamura, M. Tsutsumi, and T. Tsuda, Radar observation of strong activity of Perseid meteor shower in 1991, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 44, 677-685, 1992.

103. Chilson, P. B., R. D. Palmer, M. F. Larsen, C. W. Ulbrich, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, First observations of precipitation with a spatial interferometer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 2409-2412, 1992

104. Palmer, R. D., M. F. Larsen, E. L. Sheppard, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Poststatistic-steering wind estimation in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, Radio Sci., 28, 261-271, 1993.

105. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, S. Kato, and R. A. Vincent, Comparison of the mesospheric gravity waves observed with the MU radar (35 deg N) and the Adelaide MF radar (35 deg S), Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 803-806, 1993.

106. Adachi. T., T. Tsuda, Y. Masuda, T. Takami, S. Kato, and S. Fukao, Effects of a ratio between acoustic and radar pulse lengths on accuracy of RASS temperature measurements, Radio Sci., 28, 571-583, 1993.

107. Sheppard, E. L., M. F. Larsen, R. D. Palmer, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, A statistical comparison of spaced antenna and spatial interferometry wind estimation, Radio Sci., 28, 585-593, 1993.

108. Kazimirovsky, Edward, Victor Kokourov, Toshitaka Tsuda, and Susumu Kato, Characteristics of mean winds and semidiurnal tides in the lower thermosphere observed with the Kyoto meteor radar and the Irkutsk low frequency spaced-receiver facility, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 45, 541-546, 1993.

109. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Characteristics of gravity waves in the mesosphere observed with the MU radar, 1. Momentum flux, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8899-8910, 1993.

110. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Characteristics of gravity waves in the mesosphere observed with the MU radar, 2. Propagation direction, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8911-8923, 1993.

111. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, S. Kato, A. H. Manson, and C. E. Meek, Comparative observation of short period gravity waves (10-100 min) in the mesosphere in 1989 by Saskatoon MF radar (52 deg N), Canada and the MU radar (35 deg N), Japan, Radio Sci., 28, 729-746, 1993.

112. Fukao, S., Y. Yamamoto, W. L. Oliver, T. Takami, M. D. Yamanaka, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, and T. Tsuda, Middle and upper atmosphere radar observations of ionospheric horizontal gradients produced by gravity waves, J. Geophys. Res.. 98, 9443-9451, 1993.

113. Oliver, W. L., Y. Yamamoto, T. Takami, S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, and T. Tsuda, Middle and upper atmosphere radar observations of ionospheric electric fields, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 11615-11627, 1993.

114. Maekawa, Y., S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, M. D. Yamanaka, T. Tsuda, S. Kato, and R. F. Woodman, First observation of the upper stratosphere vertical wind velocities using the Jicamarka VHF radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2235-2238, 1993.

115. Tsuda, T., Y. Murayama, T. Nakamura, R. A. Vincent, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, and R. L. Wilson, Variations of the gravity wave characteristics with height, season and latitude revealed by comparative observations, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 555-568, 1994.

116. Tsuda, T., T. Adachi, Y. Masuda, S. Fukao, and S. Kato, Observations of tropospheric temperature fluctuations with the MU radar/RASS, J. Atmos. Ocean Tech. , 11, 50-62, 1994.

117. Yamamoto, M., N. Komoda, S. Fukao, R. T. Tsunoda, T. Ogawa, and T. Tsuda, Spatial structure of the E-region field-aligned irregularities revealed by the MU radar, Radio Sci., 29, 337-347, 1994.

118. Murayama, Y., T. Tsuda, R. Wilson, H. Nakane, S. A. Hayashida, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, and Y. Sasano, Gravity wave activity in the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere observed with the Rayleigh lidar at Tsukuba, Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1539-1542, 1994.

119. Tsutsumi, M., T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and S. Fukao, Temperature fluctuations near the mesopause inferred from meteor observations with the MU radar, Radio Sci., 29, 599-610, 1994.

120. Tsuda, Toshitaka, Yasuhiro Murayama, Harsono Wiryosumarto, Sri Woro B. Harijono, and Susumu Kato, Radiosonde observations of equatorial atmosphere dynamics over Indonesia, Part I: Equatorial waves and diurnal tides, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 10491-10505, 1994.

121. Tsuda, Toshitaka, Yasuhiro Murayama, Harsono Wiryosumarto, Sri Woro B. Harijono, and Susumu Kato, Radiosonde observations of equatorial atmosphere dynamics over Indonesia, Part II: Characteristics of gravity waves, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 10507-10516, 1994.

122. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, Y. Yamamoto, T. Takami, M. D. Yamanaka, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, and T. Tsuda, Middle and upper atmosphere radar observations of ionospheric density gradients produced by gravity wave packets, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 6321-6329, 1994.

123. Muraoka, Y., S. Fukao, T. Sugiyama, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Features of a mesospheric inertio-gravity wave observed with the MU radar, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1163-1171, 1994.

124. Bittner, M., D. Offermann, I. V. Bugaeva, G. A. Kokin, J. P. Koshelkov, A. Krivolutsky, D. A. Tarasenko, M. Gil-Ojeda, A. Hauchecorne, F.-J. Luebken, B. A. de la Morena, A. Mourier, H. Nakane, K. I. Oyama, F. J. Schmidlin, I. Soule, L. Thomas, and T. Tsuda, and U. von Zahn, Long period/large scale oscillations of temperature during the DYANA campaign, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1675-1700, 1994.

125. Fukao, S., M. D. Yamanaka, N. Ao, W. K. Hocking, T. Sato, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, and S. Kato, Seasonal variability of vertical eddy diffusivity in the middle atmosphere, Part I: Three-year observations by the MU radar, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 18973-18987, 1994.

126. Murayama, Y., T. Tsuda, and S. Fukao, Seasonal variation of gravity wave activity in the lower atmosphere observed with the MU radar, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 23057-23069, 1994.

127. Forbes, J. M., A. H. Manson, R. A. Vincent, G. J. Fraser, F. Vial, R. Wand, S. K. Avery, R. R. Clark, R. Johnson, R. Roper, R. Shmidner, T. Tsuda and E. S. Kazimirovsky, Semidiurnal tide in the 80-150 km region: an assimilative data analysis, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1237-1249, 1994.

128. Oliver, W. L., S. Fukao, M. Sato, Y. Otsuka, T. Takami, and T. Tsuda, Middle and upper atmosphere radar observations of the dispersion relation for ionospheric gravity waves, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 23763-23768, 1995.

129. Hashiguchi, H., S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, M. D. Yamanaka, D. L. Tobing, T. Sribimawati, S. W. B. Harijono, and H. Wiryosumarto, Observations of the planetary boundary layer over equatorial Indonesia with an L-band clear-air Doppler radar: Initial results, Radio Sci., 30, 1043-1054, 1995.

130. Hashiguchi, H., M. D. Yamanaka, T. Tsuda, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, T. Adachi, S. Fukao, T. Sato, and D. L. Tobing, Diurnal variations of the planetary boundary layer observed with an L-band clear-air Doppler radar, Boundary Layer Meteorol., 74, 419-424, 1995.

131. Hashiguchi, H., S. Fukao, M. D. Yamanaka, T. Tsuda, S. W. B. Harijono, and H. Wiryosumarto, Boundary layer radar observations of the passage of the convection center over Serpong, Indonesia (6 deg S, 107 deg E) during the TOGA-COARE intensive observation period, J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 73, 535-548, 1995.

132. Tsuda, T., S. Fukao, M. Yamamoto, T. Nakamura, M. D. Yamanaka, T. Adachi, H. Hashiguchi, N. Fujioka, M. Tsutsumi, S. Kato, S. W. B. Harijono, T. Sribimawati, B. P. Sitorus, R. B. Yahya, M. Karmini, F. Renggono, B. L. Parapat, W. Djojonegoro. P. Mardio, N. Adikusumah, H. T. Endi, and H. Wiryosumarto, A Preliminary Report on Observations of Equatorial Atmosphere Dynamics in Indonesia with Radars and Radiosondes, J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 73, 393-406, 1995.

133. Roettger, J. and T. Tsuda, Studies of the Polar Middle and Lower Atmosphere by an MST Radar on Svalbard, J. Geomag. Geoelecr., 47, 929-942, 1995.

134. 津田敏隆、流星レーダーによる熱圏下部の大気運動の解明、 1994年度堀内基金奨励賞受賞記念講演、「天気」、 108、 9-23、日本気象学会、1996.

135. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, and S. Fukao, Mean winds at 60-90 km observed with the MU radar (35 deg N), J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 655-660, 1996.

136. Namboothiri, S. P., T. Tsuda, M. Tsutsumi, and T. Nakamura, Simultaneous observations of mesospheric gravity waves with the MU radar and a sodium lidar, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 4057-4063, 1996.

137. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, S. Fukao, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, R. A. Vincent, and I. M. Reid, Mesospheric gravity waves at Saskatoon (52 deg N), Kyoto (35 deg N) and Adelaide (35 deg S), J. Geophys. Res., 101, 7005-7012, 1996.

138. Tsutsumi, Masaki, Toshitaka Tsuda, Takuji Nakamura, and Shoichiro Fukao, Wind velocity and temperature fluctuations due to a 2-day wave observed with radio meteor echoes, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 9425-9432, 1996.

139. Burrage, M. D., W. R. Skinner, D. A. Gell, P. B. Hays, A. R. Marshall, D. A. Ortland, A. H. Manson, S. J. Franke, D. C. Fritts, P. Hoffman, C. McLandress, R. Niciejewski, F. J. Schmidlin, G. G. Shepherd, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, and R. A. Vincent, Validation of mesosphere and lower thermosphere winds from the high resolution Doppler imager on UARS, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 10365-10392, 1996.

140. May, P. T., T. Adachi, T. Tsuda, and R. J. Lataitis, The spatial structure of RASS echoes, J. Atmos. Oceanic. Tech., 13, 1275-1290, 1996.

141. Meek, C. E., A. H. Manson, S. J. Franke, W. Singer, P. Hoffmann, R. R. Clark, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, M. Tsutsumi, M. Hagan, D. C. Fritts, J. Isler, and Yu I. Portnyagin, Global study of northern hemispheric quasi-2-day wave events in recent summers near 90 km altitude, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 1401-1411, 1996.

142. Hedin, A. E., E. L. Fleming, A. H. Manson, F. J. Schmidlin, S. K. Avery, R. R. Clark, S. J. Franke, G. J. Fraser, T. Tsuda, F. Vial, and R. A. Vincent, Empirical wind model for the upper, middle and lower atmosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 1421--1447, 1996.

143. Hashiguchi, H., S. Fukao, T. Tsuda, M. D. Yamanaka, S. W. B. Harijono, and H. Wiryosumarto, An overview of the planetary boundary layer observations over equatorial Indonesia with an L-band clear-air Doppler radar, Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., 69, 13-25, 1996.

144. Igarashi, K., I. Nishimuta, Y. Murayama, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and M. Tsutsumi, Comparison of wind measurements between Yamagawa MF radar and the MU radar, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 3341-3344, 1996.

145. Yamamoto, Y., T. Tsuda, and T. Adachi, Frequency spectra of wind velocity and temperature fluctuations observed with the MU radar-RASS, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 3647-3650, 1996.

146. Gavrilov, N. M., S. Fukao, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, M. D. Yamanaka, and M. Yamamoto, Statistical analysis of gravity waves observed with the middle and upper atmosphere radar in the middle atmosphere: 1. Method and general characteristics, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29511-29521, 1996.

147. Nakamura, T., T. Tsuda, and M. Tsutsumi, Development of an external interferometer for meteor wind observation attached to the MU radar, Radio Sci., in press, 1997.

148. Tsuda, T., T. E. VanZandt, and H. Saito, Zenith-angle dependence of VHF specular reflection echoes in the lower atmosphere, J. Atmos. terr. Phys., 59, 761-775, 1997.

149. Tsuda, T., W. E. Gordon, and H. Saito, Azimuth angle variations of specular reflection echoes in the lower atmosphere observed with the MU radar, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 777-784, 1997.

150. Gavrilov, N. M., S. Fukao, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, M. D. Yamanaka, and M. Yamamoto, Statistical analysis of gravity waves observed with the middle and upper atmosphere radar in the middle atmosphere: 2. Wave propagated in different directions, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 13433--13440, 1997.

151. Deng, W., J. E. Salah, R. R. Clark, S. J. Franke, D. C. Fritts, P. Hoffmann, D. Kuerschner, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, D. Murphy, T. Nakamura, S. E. Palo, D. M. Riggin, R. G. Roble, R. Schminder, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, R. A. Vincent, and Q. Zhou, Coordinated global radar observations of tidal and planetary waves in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere during 20-30 January 1993, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7307--7318, 1997.

152. Riggin, D., D. C. Fritts, T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and R. A. Vincent, Radar observations of a 3-day Kelvin wave in the equatorial mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26141--26157, 1997.

153. Shimizu, A., and T. Tsuda, Characterisctics of Kelvin waves and gravity waves observed with radiosondes over Indonesia, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26159--26171, 1997.

154. Tsuda, T., T. Nakamura, A. Shimizu, T. Yoshino, S. W. B. Harijono, T. SriBimawati, and H. Wiryosumarto, Observations of diurnal oscillations with a meteor wind radar and radiosondes in Indonesia, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26217--26224, 1997.

155. Nakamura, T., D. C. Fritts, J. R. Isler, T. Tsuda, R. A. Vincent, I. M. Reid, Short period fluctuations of the diurnal tide observed with low-latitude MF and meteor radars during CADRE: Evidence for gravity wave/Tidal interactions, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26225--26238, 1997.

156. Hasebe, F., T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, and M. D. Burrage, Validation of HRDI MLT winds with the use of meteor radars, Ann. Geophys., 15, 1142--1157, 1997.

157. Palo, S. E., M. E. Hagan, C. E. Meek, R. A. Vincent, M. D. Burrage, C. McLandress, S. J. Franke, W. E. Ward, R. R. Clark, P. Hoffmann, R. Johnson, D. Kuerschner, A. H. Manson, D. Murphy, T. Nakamura, Yu. I. Portnyagin, J. E. Salah, R. Schminder, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, T. S. Virdi and Q. Zhou, An intercomparison between the GSWM, UARS, and ground based radar observations: a case-study in January 1993, Ann. Geophys., 15, 1123--1141, 1997

158. Hermawan, E., T. Tsuda, and T. Adachi, MU radar observations of tropopause variability by using clear air echo characteristics, Earth, Planets Space, 50, 361--370, 1998.

159. T.Tsuda, K. Heki, K. Aonashi, K. Hirahara, H. Nakamura, M. Tobita, F. Kimata, T. Tabei, T. Matsushima, F. Kimura, M. Satomura, T. Kato, and I. Naito, GPS meteorology project of Japan - Exploring frontiers of geodesy - , Earth, Planets Space,50, Research News 1--5, 1998.


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