MFA and acoustic properties in spruce （Hori et al, 2002）
The influence of the micro- and mesoscopic structure of wood cell walls on the acoustic properties of softwood was investigated in a synchrotron X-ray microbeam diffraction experiment with particular attention to the seasonal differences in crystallographic features. A multiple regression analysis was performed for data from 12 different softwood species in order to determine the dependence of longitudinal relative Young’s modulus (E/ρ) and loss tangent (tan δ) on seasonal cellulose microfibril angles (MFAs), crystal width of cellulose microfibrils etc. We conclude that a low MFA in both latewood and earlywood yields high E/ρ and low tan δ, which is an attribute of wood used as violin or piano soundboards. Among the softwood species we characterized Sitka spruce best fits this criterion.